The Travel Doctor 3300 Webster Street
Suite 1105                                          Phone:
Oakland, California 94609                    510-763-5336
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               Thursday, September 15    HOME > INSECT DEFENSE
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SOME OF THE DISEASES TRANSMITTED BY INSECTS:
Yellow Fever, Malaria, Dengue Fever, Japanese Encephalitis and Filariasis are transmitted by mosquitoes.

Leshminiasis is transmitted by sand flies.

Trypanosomiasis is transmitted by Tsetse Flies.

Chagas Disease is transmitted by Reduviid Bugs.

Onchocerciasis and other diseases are transmitted by black flies.

PREVENTION:
Yellow Fever and Japanese Encephalitis are the only insect borne diseases for which a vaccine is available

Only prophylactic medication is available  for Malaria.

Therefore good personal protection from insects is very important.

HOW DO I PROTECT MYSELF FROM MOSQUITOES AND OTHER INSECTS?
Personal Protective Measures (PPM) are critical when visiting areas that have these insects.

PPM is defined as using insect repellant with DEET on the exposed skin and Permethrin  0.5% on outer clothing, mosquito nets and wearing protective clothing such as long sleeved shirts and long pants.

 For the exposed skin we recommend 20 - 35% Deet in a sustained release formulation.  Both the Sawyer brand and the Ultrathon brand are sustained release products.

The Sawyer  brand of insect repellant is 20% Deet and is applied every 6 hours. The Ultrathon brand of insect repellant is 33% Deet and is applied every 12 hours. These products are easy to use and safe for children.

Remember to always apply you sunscreen first and let it dry - then apply the insect repellant.


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